Moscow City Symphony
Russian Philharmonic

Viva Vivaldi!

Date and time: 
Monday, February 21, 2011 - 18:00
Venue: 
Moscow International House of Music. Chamber Hall
Program: 
Concerto for oboe and orchestra
Concerto for cello and orchestra
Concerto for four violins and orchestra
The Four Seasons
Conductor: 
Sergey Kondrashev
Soloist: 
Rodion Petrov (violin), Olga Chepizhnaya (violin),
Yaroslav Krasnikov (violin), Andrey Provotorov (violin),
Dayavan Motoyama (violin), Svetlana Usacheva (oboe),
Alexander Zababurkin (cello)

Antonio Vivaldi, one of the major representatives of Baroque, is recognized as the founder of instrumental concerto genre, he marked the beginning of orchestra programme music. Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) was born in Venice on March 4, 1678. The first Vivaldi’s tutor was his father, violinist at St. Mark’s Cathedral. In 1703 Vivaldi took holy orders and in September, 1703 he started to work as a tutor (maestro di violin) at the orphanage called the Pio Ospedale delia Pieta which was known as the best music school for girls. In Venice he was responsible for music composing, and he created it very easily and quickly. In 1718-20 he lived in Mantua where he wrote operas for carnivals’ season and instrumental compositions for Mantuan Duke’s court. In 1740 Vivaldi departed from Venice to Vienna where he died on July 28, 1741. Soon after his death the name of the master was forgotten. Only after 200 years, in 1920-s of the XX century Italian music expert A. Gentili found unique collection of composer’s manuscripts (300 concertos, 19 operas, sacred and secular vocal compositions). Since then genuine renaissance of former glory of Vivaldi begins. The Four Seasons by Vivaldi is one of the most popular compositions at all times. In 1725 one of the most famous composer’s opuses entitled “The Contest between Harmony and Invention” (op.8). This set includes violin concertos (here are 12 concertos) as previous sets as well. First 4 concertos of this set are entitled by the author, respectively, “Spring”, “Summer”, “Autumn”, and “Winter”. But even comparing to other concertos of this set these concertos demonstrate staggering Vivaldi’s innovation in Baroque concerto music. The genre of concerto attracted the composer mainly by its wide influence, availability for public, dynamism of ternary form with fast tempo prevalence, prominent contrasts solo and tutti, brightness of virtuosic description. Vivaldi wrote about 550 concertos, among them 350 – for solo instrument and orchestra (more than 230 for violin), about 40 for 2 instruments, more than 30 for several solos and about 60 for orchestra without solo. He wrote several concertos for unusual instrument’s combinations, such as viola d’amour and lute, and for wind instruments, including clarinet, horn, bassoon, oboe, and flute. Some of his concertos are programme, for example, “Storm at the Sea”, (3 concertos have such title), “Hunting”, “Anxiety”, “Rest”, “Night”, “Proteus, or the World Inside Out”. Vivaldi composed a lot of vocal music (both sacred and secular). He is the author of tens of operas (about 20 remained).

 Sergey Kondrashev graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky majoring in choral conducting (class of Professor V. Goriunov) and in opera and symphonic conducting (classes of Professors M. Ermler and G. Rozhdestvensky). Being a student, Sergey Kondrashev started his career in conducting. In 2000 he was invited as a conductor to Chuvash State Opera and Ballet Theatre and as Musical Director and Chief Conductor to Chuvash State Chamber Orchestra. In 2001 he was admitted to the State Academic Bolshoy Theatre of Russia as an assistant conductor. Sergey Kondrashev worked with National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia (Artistic Director and Chief Conductor – Vladimir Spivakov), Russian National Orchestra (Artistic Director – Mikhail Pletnev), and with Symphony Orchestra of Russia (Artistic Director – Veronica Dudarova) as well. Since 2005 to 2009 Sergey Kondrashev was a conductor of Moscow City Symphony Orchestra “Russian Philharmonic”. Since 2011 Sergey Kondrashev is Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of Symphony Orchestra of Orpheus Radio station.

Tours – USA, China, Germany.In 2005 broadcasting company “The Voice of Russia” decided to call Sergey Kondrashev “The person of the year”. The conductor’s discography includes the records of compositions by Andrey Eshpay (2004).

Rodion Petrov (violin) – graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor M. Glezarova). His debut when he was 7 years old took place with Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra conducted by Vladimir Fedoseev. In 1992 the violinist received diploma and special prize at the First Tchaikovsky Competition for Young Musicians. Since 1999 till 2001 he studied at the Queen Sofia Music College in Madrid, class of Professor Z. Bron. Rodion is a prize winner of the International Competition “Valsesia Musica” (Italy, 2005, I Prize), the Fourth Moscow International Paganini Competition (2005, II Prize), the International Competition named after Rodolfo Lipizer (Italy, 2006, II Prize and five special prizes), the International Paganini Competition (Italy, Genoa, 2007, II Prize) .Rodion Petrov performed at the best concert halls of the world such as the Grand Hall of Conservatory in Moscow, Auditorio Nacional in Madrid, Santory Hall in Tokyo, etc.

Olga Chepizhnaya (violin) graduated with honours from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor V. Ivanov). Since 2004 is an assistant of Professor V. Ivanov. Prize-winner of International Competition named after Yampolsky (Penza, 1999) and Young Musicians International Competition (Tolyatti, 2002). She toured in Russia and abroad (Germany, Spain, USA, China, India) with different orchestras. She gives solo concerts and within chamber ensembles.

Yaroslav Krasnikov (violin) graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky. Marina Kozolupova, Semen Snitkovsky, Marina Yashvili were his tutors. He gives solo concerts, within ensembles and as a concertmaster of orchestras. Since 1999 – soloist of Moscow State Philharmonic Society. Prize-winner of Record National Award (2003). Participant of music festivals in Colmar, Istanbul, Harar, Valencia, Seoul. Krasnikov recorded 18 CD. He performed at the best concert halls in Russia and abroad with such conductors as P. Bradshaw, V. Fedoseev, A. El Saidi, R. Milanov. Soloist of Concertino Ensemble and ACM. For Naxos label he recorded compositions by German violinist-virtuoso L. Spohr which were not played before.

Andrey Provotorov (violin) - graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor I. Bochkova)Prize-winner of All-Russian and International Competitions, including International Competition “Classical Heritage” (Moscow, 1997, 2nd  Prize), International Violinists Competition in Lisbon (2004, 3rd  Prize), Diploma winner of X International Violinists Competition named after H. Wieniawsky and K. Liapinsky in Lublin (2006). He gave solo and chamber concerts in many cities of Russia and abroad.

Dayavan Motoyama (violin) graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor M. Glezarova and Assistant Professor M. Keselman). Prize-winner of International Competition named after Zakhar Bron (Novosibirsk, 2001, 2nd Proze), International Competition named after Yampolsky (Moscow, 2006, diploma).

Svetlana Usacheva graduated with honours from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor A. Utkin). She received “Morgan prize” at the Barbirolli Oboists Competition (Isle of Man, Great Britain, 2005). She performed within Verbier Festival Orchestra (Switzerland) conducted by James Levine (tours at the countries of Europe, South America, Asia, Australia), Verbier Chamber Orchestra conducted by Maxim Vengerov, Dmitry Sitkovetsky, National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia conducted by People’s Artist of Russia Vladimir Spivakov, “Musica Viva” conducted by People’s Artist of Russia A. Rudin, “New Russia” conducted by People’s Artist of Russia Y. Bashmet.She played with well-known conductors such as Roger Norrington, Paavo Yarvi, Daniele Gatti, Herbert Blomstedt, Michael Tilson Thomas.

Alexander Zababurkin graduated from Moscow State Conservatory named after P. Tchaikovsky (class of Professor N. Shahovskaya). Prize-winner of international competitions and festivals. With pianist M. Shatalkin he won the Chamber Ensembles Competition in Thessaloniki (Greece, 2005). In 2006 he received the 1 Prize and Special Prize “The Best Stringed Musician” at the Chamber Duets Competitions in Katrineholm (Sweden). He toured in Greece, Sweden, Germany, Spain, Canada, Brazil, etc.

 

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